The Famous Optical Artist – Bridget Riley an Op Art Pioneer

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One of the major Optical Art (Op Art) proponents, British artist and printmaker Bridget Riley was born on the 24th of April, 1931 in London. Riley is most commonly known for her signature black and white oil paintings depicting geographic patterns that cause optical illusions which have become synonymous with the Op Art movement.

Bridget Riley was educated at the Royal College of Art from 1952 to 1955 and in these years her paintings were semi-impressionist and figurative. It was not until the 1960s that her signature style developed.

Riley’s black and white forms – painted in oil paint on canvas – gave viewers the impression of movement and colour due to optical illusions. Works such as -Movement in Squares- (1961), -Black to White Discs- (1961-62), -Loss- (1964), -Blaze 4? (1964), -Drift No. 2? (1966) and -Cataract 3? (1967) typically possessed such characteristics.

Bridget Riley’s paintings also had another feature – the potential for increased audience participation in the appreciation or display of the work of art. This was a hot topic in the 60s, when many performances were being classified as -happenings.- Happenings are unconventional and formless performances where audience involvement actually determines the course of the performance. Riley’s oil paintings were in a sense dependent on what the individual experienced on viewing them. Though the paintings were given names hinting at their subjects, they could be interpreted by the audience in any way.

Riley held the first of these exhibitions, which were pivotal in getting the world’s attention to the Op Art movement and Riley’s art, in 1965 at the Museum of Modern Art, New York City. She had already held her first solo in 1962 at Gallery One, London. Other exhibitions followed, but it was the 1965 show at New York that drew international recognition.

By 1967, Bridget Riley began to modify her style and thought of incorporating oil colour in her art. She began incorporating on colour stripes in an oil painting entitled -Paean- (1973), -Dominance Portfolio, Blue- (1977), -Ra2? (1981) and -Silvered 2? (1981). Crucial to this change was the extensive travelling she undertook from the 1970s. The hieroglyphic decorations she saw during her visit to Egypt played an important part in leading her to incorporate colour and contrast. Her later works are colourful and some of these bright paintings include -Fete- (1999), -Echo- (2000), -Carnival- (2000) and -Sylvan- (2000).

Among the other achievements of Bridget Riley is her distinction of becoming the first woman and British contemporary painter to receive the International Prize for painting at the 1968 Venice Biennale.

Using Artists Materials and supplies in a new and innovative way to pioneer a the Op Art movement in painting, Bridget Riley is undoubtedly one of Britain’s most important artists. Her geometric patterns skilfully created with Oil Paints have influenced many and have been appreciated by all sections of the audience.

Magazines Name Most Environmentally-friendly Celebrities

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Recently Us Weekly Magazine ran a feature story on green advice from many celebrities. The article entitled, What I Do to Be Green featured tips from celebrities like Cameron Diaz, the Jonas Brothers, Ashley Tisdale and Alanis Morrissette among others. These celebrities offered tips like getting hybrid vehicles, being aware of how much you consume, staying informed of the issues and changing to fluorescent light bulbs.

In the July issue of womens magazine Good Housekeeping, the magazine features an article on actress Julia Roberts and why being environmentally aware and responsible is important to her. The mother of three explains in Good Housekeeping, I love to feel Ive done one thing a day to educate myself and my children in making the world a better, stronger place to live in. The article also features other celebrity moms like Kate Hudson, Sheryl Crowe, Brooke Shields, Gwyneth Paltrow and Gayle King on why and how they live environmentally-friends lives. Actress Jennifer Aniston also talks about her showering habits and how taking short showers saves water.

Forbes Magazine, a business magazine, reports that many celebrities have recently decided to jump on the electrically-powered bandwagon and are driving green. Celebrities like Ryan Gosling, America Ferrera, Paris Hilton, Danny DeVito, Woody Harrelson, Rob Reiner, Will Ferrell, Cameron Diaz, George Clooney, the Jonas Brothers, Charlize Theron, Jay Leno, Leonardo DiCaprio and more.

In its August 2008 green issue, Vanity Fair Magazine names many celebrities as hard-working environmentalists in its article entitled Earth People. Some of the celebrities Vanity Fair magazine identified are Ted Danson, Mary Steenburgen, Sam Waterston and Amber Valetta for their work to reverse wasteful dumping in the oceans. Movie star, heartthrob and longtime environmentalist Leonardo DiCaprio serves on the boards of the Natural Resources Global Defense Council and Global Green USA. DiCaprio promotes many green issues including awareness of global warming. Read more of Vanity Fairs green issue to see which environmentally-friendly celebrities made the list.

For the 2008 Elle Magazine green issue the magazine features a list of the Top 20 Green Celebs and how readers can live more environmentally-friendly just like their favorite stars. Topping Elle Magazines list of green celebrities is once again Leonardo DiCaprio. Others on the list include fashion designer Stella McCartney, actress Natalie Portman, musician Willie Nelson, actress Gwyneth Paltrow, actress Salma Hayek, actor Ed Begley Jr and actress Cameron Diaz. For a complete list of Elles top environmentalist celebrities read Elle Magazine.

Lola Rose Jewellery And Celebrities

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Everybody wants to copy that celebrity look, whether it is for the latest style and trends, or just to emulate the celebrity themselves. This copying of trends and style is also seen when it comes to accessorizing with jewellery and handbags. Celebrities wear jewellery to make themselves stand out, this can also be applicable to most wearers of jewellery, whether it is a necklace, a pair of earrings, or a bracelet.

There are many different inspirations jewellery apply when creating their jewellery lines for sale. Many jewellery designers, particularly those who design and create jewellery are inspired by nature. For example, flowers, leaves, butterflies, animals, trees, fruit, and birds fall under the nature category. The use of nature as an inspiration for jewellery is very, especially in costume jewellery brands such as Kenneth Jay Lane and Lola Rose. Celebrities who like to wear creations by Kenneth Jay Lane (a costume jewellery designer whos jewellery is highly influenced and inspired by nature in his designs) include; Hillary Duff, Mischa Barton, and Paris Hilton. Fans of Lola Rose Jewellery include Sarah Jessica Parker and Angelina Jolie.

There have been many trends in fashion including snakeskin, in the world of jewellery and accessories it appears that snake jewellery is also a big trend. The likes of the young Hollywood elite such as Kimberly Stewart and Mary Kate Olsen are obviously loving the new accessories as they have recently been papped with snake jewels wrapped round arms and necks! This is obviously a trend not to everyones taste but it is extremely eye-catching. If you can pull off the snake jewellery look it can make you look extremely stylish and individual. Snake inspired jewellery is an obvious popular trend among the UK high street at the moment as it seems to be everywhere; in the form of snake rings, snake bracelets, and snake necklaces.

There are many celebrities who continually seem to be setting new trends season to season. Nicole Richie a known lover of the costume jewellery designs of CC Skye was said to have taken off her broken shoulder strap off her Chanel bag and wrapped it round her wrist several times. This stylish socialite set the trend for the leather chain bracelet which was then emulated on the UK high street several seasons after she was pictured with her own creation.

Another trend that seems to be loved by the American celebrities of Hollywood and L.A. is the cute and kitsch trend in jewellery. Mischa Barton wore a now famous wishbone necklace in the series, the OC. Disney Couture is a high end jewellery brand for those who still love Disney. Disney Couture have produced a range of jewellery including; necklaces, earrings, rings, and bracelets inspired by Disney characters and themes, exclusively for big kids. This high end jewellery and accessories brand are a firm celebrity favourite, being sported by Lindsay Lohan, Kate Bosworth and Nicole Richie, as well as being featured in the magazines Vogue and Harpers Bazaar.

Dealing with Scam Artist Pretending To Be IRS Debt Collectors

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In 2004, the IRS was given the authority to use third party debt collectors to hunt down taxes owed by delinquent taxpayers. Scam artists knew an opportunity when they saw one.

Dealing with Scam Artist Pretending To Be IRS Debt Collectors

In an effort to track down delinquent taxpayers, the federal government gave the IRS the right to hire private debt collectors in 2004. You know, those annoying people that call during dinner. The reason for this change in policy actually made some sense. With as much information as the IRS is forced to deal with, it simply took forever for the IRS to start collection actions. By using the third parties, the IRS would be able to get the process moving without taking up employee time.

As you might imagine, the private tax debt collector program sounded like a good idea, but proved to be problematic. There were two primary problems. First, the legitimate debt collectors were threatening taxpayers. Second, scam artists started posing as debt collectors to collect money from nave tax collectors or perform identify theft on them. It is this second problem that we focus on here.

The central problem with the new debt collector program is how does a taxpayer know if they are dealing with a legitimate company or a scam artist trying to rip them off? Well, the IRS has instituted a new program in an effort to clarify matters. Here are the highlights:

1. If the IRS is going to use a private debt collector to come after you, the agency will first send you a letter indicating as much. The name of the company handling the debt collection will be included in the letter. If you do not receive this letter, ignore or report any parties claiming to be debt collectors to the IRS immediately. Play along and get their contact information so the IRS can hammer them.

2. When dealing with the debt collector, you will eventually reach a point where you write a check. The check should be written to the United States Treasury. If the debt collector instructs you to write it to any other name, they are scam artists and you should report them immediately. There is no exception to this rule. All payments are made to the United States Treasury, just like if you had actually paid your taxes on time!

Scam artists are very creative when it comes to thinking up schemes for ripping people off. Understand and stick to the following guidelines and you can foil them.

Richard A. Chapo is with BusinessTaxRecovery.com – providing information on taxes.

Looking Amazing With The Awesome Makeup Artist Melbourne On Your Most Special Moment

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Looking pretty is the passion and desire for every woman. They always want to look the best, and especially on their wedding. So there is always a high demand of Makeup Artist Melbourne. A makeup has so many aspects. Along with all these, a woman could be looked so pretty and gorgeous. Without the qualification and perfect experience no one can offer such a wonderful job. For them the woman is a canvas where they can draw the awesome picture. They need to be very perfect. If the artist can understand you especially your personality and body texture, they may adorn you more efficiently.
How Will You Short List Your Choice? In Melbourne, you may find many beauticians and parlors that have many well qualified and well experienced makeup artists. But you have to find out the best one. When your skin and the person -you- are very special to you, why don’t you neglect in adorning yourself. You deserve the 100% satisfactory services. If you have no idea about the wonderful parlors that have their Mobile Makeup Artist Melbourne, you may join some online blogs where often trendy women keep talking about the beauty and bridal make up details. With discussion, you will be able to know about the best parlor who has their well-equipped and well experienced mobile squad. You may have an idea about the price. In this way, you can make the best deal.
Few Essential Tips For You Wedding day is very special for every woman. They want the best make up service on this day. A good Bridal Makeup Artist Melbourne will help you to choose the right costume perfectly suited with your personality and complexion. They will make over you amazingly. Everyone will stare at you stunningly. You should go through the customer’s review of the parlor selected by you finally. You need to know whether they are using the best cosmetics. Otherwise your skin could be affected. You may check what kind of hair style they are offering. Most of the good Bridal Makeup Artist Melbourne treat your hair if they feel it is harsh and then make the perfect style matching with your costume. They will suggest you what type of hair style you need such as straight or curved or anything else.
Few Necessary Information Just For You Before choosing the final one, you should brows for the best quality services. Most of them have their own customer care service available for you on 24×7 hours. You can book the slot and most of them charge very reasonable, because in the beauty industry there is a huge competition. Apart from suggesting the best costumes and make up, they will have a formal conversation where they will ask about your skin sensitivity and all. Accordingly they will apply the makeup.
For more information about Bridal Makeup Artist Melbourne please Click Here

How Some Celebrities Diet–Part 2

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Oprah Winfrey As one of the most successful talk-show hosts in the world, there is no question that Oprah needs to maintain her physical appearance for her millions of audiences. Known as one of those celebrities who are constantly battling weight gain, she has recently toned up her figure and has never looked figure in age 50 by combining a regular exercise regime and diet plan. Oprah works out five days a week, spending 30 minutes on the threadmill and doing free weights. Her eating plan consists of legumes, fish, nuts, fruits and vegetables, chicken and dairy products that are lowfat. She limits her consumption of white sugar and flour. Oprah also credits her trim figure to her habit of not eating anything after seven in the evening.

4. Gwyneth Paltrow A lot of people may find it hard to believe that the perpetually slim Academy award-winning actress actually needs to diet. Gwyneth actually follows a healthy eating plan that resembles Oprah’s, avoiding sugar and white flour. She usually follows a macrobiotic diet, eating foods like vegetables, brown rice, and lean meat. She also eliminated dairy from her diet, and does yoga everyday.

5. Madonna The pop star known as the Material Girl has always flaunted a body that is to die for, and has become a true fitness paragon over the years. She keeps herself in tip-top shape by having Ashtanga Yoga, and follows a strict diet that mostly shuns junk foods. She adopted a macrobiotic eating plan that includes organic foods rich in lean protein.

6. Claudia Schiffer The bodacious German supermodel eats salad and steamed vegetables for dinner and eats only fruits before the afternoon. While on locations, she prefers to eat black grapes and drinks tomato juice and herbal tea.

7. Christie Brinkley Long-time supermodel maintains her all-American good looks by being a vegetarian. She does not keep junk foods of any kind inside her home to make sure that she does not eat them when cravings occur. She snacks on sweet potatoes in place of candy bars, and she adopts a liquid juice diet when she needs to slim down fast.

Celebrities are just like ordinary people. They need to maintain their figures just like anyone else, and there is more pressure on their part since they are constantly in the public eye. Ordinary folks can have celebrity-like bodies, too, and by following these diet and fitness plans, they can also look like red-carpet worthy.

For more on celebrities and how you can join them in dieting to remain fit please visit

Ways To Be Truly Artistic

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Many people I know believe that in order to be truly artistic a person has to be an artist. They must paint, draw or take brilliant photographs to have artistic talent. While These traits may make someone an artist, I believe that it takes something entirely different to be artistic. It is possible for literally anyone to live in ways that are artistic.

One of the most important aspects of being an artistic person is to be confident in yourself. Lack of self-confidence does not get anyone very far in living creatively. Look for positive qualities about yourself and dwell on those. If you think you are good at a particular activity you should practice it to become even better.

Think about the things you love to do most. I suggest that you can be artistic doing just about anything. Whether you love to sew, cook, or play soccer, you can do things in a way that is artistic and intriguing.

One of my favorite things to do is garden. I used to not think much about the way that I arranged or tended my garden. However, recently I have begun to see gardening in a whole new way. I have realized that I can arrange my flowers and plants in creative ways. I can care for them with tenderness and help them to grow to their highest potential. I have learned that being artistic is more about perspective than it is about what is actually being done.

Being artistic is all about seeing the world creatively and allowing yourself to do the things you enjoy and enjoy the things you do. Consider how you can do your favorite things in new ways. Think about how preparing a meal can become more than just cooking food. Look for ways to incorporate beauty and fine detail into your food and into your presentation. Being artistic is about going a step further than what is typical. If you love to play a sport, look for ways to play that sport with energy and grace. Almost anyone can hit a volleyball over a net, but few people can do it in a way that looks unique and graceful.

You will never be artistic in anything unless you are enjoying yourself. Don’t take life too seriously, but instead, look for ways to have fun and relax no matter what the circumstance.

Celebrities That Wear Eco-friendly, Lab Diamonds

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Let’s play Paparazzi for a second and see which celebrities prefer eco-friendly, lab diamonds to mined diamonds. Rumor has it that Gwyneth Paltrow, Minnie Driver, and Angelina Jolie are among the environmentally conscious. They have been seen wearing synthetic diamonds to gala events.

Lab Diamonds Are Ethical

The reason behind their decision is not based on appearance alone. Sure, synthetic diamonds look just like natural diamonds. The desire to wear these lab-grown beauties has more to do with ethics. Because of the unethical way some diamonds are obtained, many celebrities have make a conscious decision to avoid buying them at all costs.

Conflict Diamonds Are Responsible For Civil Rights Violations

As a Goodwill Ambassador for the UN, Angelina Jolie speaks out against human rights violations. Her humanitarian efforts have assisted those struggling in war-torn countries. The last thing that a person in her position would want to do is wear a conflict diamond from a place like Sierra Leone. It would go against everything she was worked so hard to accomplish.

Some Reasons Why Synthetic Diamonds Are So Appealing

There are a number of reasons why lab diamonds appeal to celebrities. First and foremost, they look beautiful and can be put into almost every type of setting. It doesn’t matter if it’s silver, gold or white gold, the stones look amazing as earrings, pendants, bracelets, and rings. They can even be placed into antique settings that are inherited or purchased from antique stores and online dealers.

Next, celebs are all about being eco-friendly. They don’t want to support practices that wreak havoc on the environment or put people’s lives in danger. It is a known fact that conflict diamonds help support violent and illegal activities. They also are the reason why in parts of Africa, entire tracts of land have been devastated, local water sources have been poisoned, indigenous populations have been forced to relocate, and removed the community’s primary source of livelihood has been completely eliminated.

Last but not least, they, like other people, enjoy getting a bargain. Lab-grown diamonds have the same look, appeal, and clarity as natural diamonds. The biggest difference is that they don’t have an enormous price tag affixed to them. This allows individuals from all walks of life to be able to own and enjoy them.

Lab Diamonds Dress Up Any Outfit

You’ll see singers, writers, actors, actresses, professional athletes, and reality TV stars with lab diamonds around their wrists, necks, and fingers. In fact, it isn’t nothing unusual to see a celebrity wearing a stunning piece of jewelry filled with synthetic diamonds. You may see him or her walking around in jeans or wearing a baseball hat. Truth be known, these exquisite, conflict-free diamonds are every bit as luxurious as natural diamonds. That’s why they can dress up even the most casual outfit as demonstrated by the fabulous men and women that wear them.

Famous Libra Celebrities

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Those who belong to the Libra sun sign are born between September 24 and October 23. Libra is the only inanimate sign of the zodiac and those who are born under this sun sign are known for their charm, elegance and good taste. They are also extremely gentle and are natural lovers of harmony and beauty. Given below are 5 famous Libra celebrities.

Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot is a famous French actress and singer. She has acted in several films and became famous for her role in Roger Vadim’s film, -And God Created Women-. She has also won several awards for her lively roles.

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was the first lady of the United States who supported the New Deal policies of her husband, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. She continued to be a speaker, politician, international author and activist for the New Deal coalition even after her husband’s demise.

Henry Graham Greene was a popular English playwright and author whose works explore the political and moral issues of the modern world. His works were based on Catholic religious themes. The Power and the Glory, Brighton Rock, The End of the Affair are some of his leading works.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 and was a great ideological leader of India during the Independence movement. He firmly believed in the concepts of Ahimsa and Satyagrapha. His leadership and philosophy enabled India to become free from the British rule. He also inspired movements for freedom and civil rights across the world.

T. S. Eliot was a famous U.S born British playwright, literary critic and poet of the 20th century. Some of his best-known poems in the English language include The Hollow Men, The Waste Land, Ash Wednesday and others. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948.

The aforesaid celebrities were known for their well balanced work and good perception skills. Librans are also known for their critical ability with which they are able to view their own efforts as well as those of others. While some may be content with what they have, others may be very ambitious. Librans can succeed as lawyers, administrators, lawyers, bankers, artists and civil servants.

Read more: Famous Libra and Libra Sign

Gopika Pillai Provide Celebrity Makeup Artist And Indian Wedding Makeup Artist

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Every woman dreams of looking gorgeous and beautiful but it is not at all simple. Every woman uses various beauty treatments to look good. These beauty treatments give you a completely new look that changes your appearance and enhance your personality. And here comes as a matter of fact, a makeup artist – a person equipped with every trick to renovate any face. Every make-up artist is also well-equipped with the fine techniques and tiny details of Makeup artist in delhi that creates wonders. Nowadays make up is not restricted to only the fashion industry but now each and every girl or women either college goer or working women, they put make up according to their preference.

There are few very basic beauty treatments which women undergo regularly like hair, nail and skin care.

Hair care: hair stylist in delhi is an important concern for everyone. Hair styling is fashionable and equally popular among both men and women. Everyone wants to have silky and shining hair and for that people use different kinds of hair care product line available in market. People prefer to seek expert suggestions and they visit their nearby hair or make-up artist.

Nail care: Nail care products available in market are not enough to provide healthy nails, so people prefer to visit for a nail spa. Women decorate their nails by simply using nail paint and can keep their nails healthy by using simple nail care tips at home. But in the busy and tedious schedule of working women, they prefer to get themselves pampered by a makeup artist at any nearby nail spa salon.

Skin care: People spend large amount of money just to keep their skin healthy and beautiful. And in order to get the flawless skin they go under skin care treatments nowadays offered by various makeup artists in delhi.

All the above mentioned treatments need specialized and skilled performance by experts. There are several makeup artists available who provide professional services. In addition to the mentioned treatments there are several other occasions when you need a professional makeup artist who help you to look good and flawlessly beautiful. Whether you are going to attend a marriage or you yourself are going to marry, then for women a visit to a good makeup artist is most important. These makeup artist does not only cover your skin flaws under make up but they are also best in dressing the person in the best way possible, to make you look good and perfect according to the occasion.